The Potential of Bamboo as an Environmental Friendly Material in Contemporary Buildings Construction

Document Type : Review Article


1 Department of Architectural Engineering, Karaj Branch, Islamic Azad University, Karaj, Iran

2 Department of Architectural Engineering, Rasam Higher Education Institute, Karaj, Iran


Building materials from their resource extraction through manufacturing, use, and disposal have become the major component of the total human effects on the global ecosystem and earth’s climate, particularly in two centuries since the advent of the industrial revolution. So, the main challenge for the construction industry today is sustainability and there is the urge to adopt cost-effective and eco-friendly structures and materials. The research method of this paper is descriptive-comparative, and is based on a literature survey conducted to find the suitability of such locally available material which is known as “green bamboo”. Bamboo is a strong, fast-growing and very sustainable material, having been used structurally for thousands of years in many parts of the world. In modern times, it has the potential to be an aesthetically pleasing and low-cost alternative to more conventional materials, such as timber, as demonstrated by some visually impressive recent structures. So, in this paper, the potential of bamboo and the possibilities of usage of bamboo in the construction field have been discussed. Applying bamboo as a material which leaves no harm on the surrounding environment can be a counter-movement to create a world with sustainable products in an ecologically supportive way.


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